SERIES “PROBLEMS OF THE INHOMOGENEOUS PHYSICAL VACUUM”
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In order of the extended discussion and information interchange between experts in problems of physical vacuum, at first time on web we presents the monography "Polarization model of the inhomogeneous physical vacuum". by V.L. Dyatlov. The monography was published in the small number of copies by publishing office of the Institute of Mathematic SB RAS in 1998 (Novosibirsk) what was cause limited availability this book until now.
Creation of the new model of physical vacuum based on the concept of different kinds of vacuum's phase states (local inhomogeneity), was primary dictated by necessity of theoretical understanding anomalous physical phenomena, such as so called natural glowing formations (NGF). This term was proposed by geophysicist prof. A.N. Dmitriev (Institute of geology and geophysics SB RAS), who carried out long term NGF's investigations in military programs.
In this sense Dyatlov's concept was born not on a "pen's end" but was based on wide spectrum phenomenological data of natural environment's geohpysical monitoring.
Macroscopic character of model allow to describe and interpret a wide range of anomalous environmental phenomena, which accessible to directed observation.
In this connection it is necessary to remind of two well known anthropic principles by John Barrow, and Frank Tipler:
1. The basic features of the universe must be of a type that allows the evolution of observers
2. If the universe is observed by observers which have evolved within it, then its basic features must be of a type that allows the evolution of observers within it.
However, paradoxicality of present scientific paradigm consists in that that self-deprivation degree of our existence, as observers, we define not through our real perception and feeling, but through prism of rationally explained and scientifically well-founded speculations. The psychological barrier of dominating abstract thinking impose a ban on the perception anything unusual. The psychophysiology defined it as perceptual defence (protection). On the other hand, natural perception and observational mankind experience accumulated unique facts, which allow with all responsibility to assert that conditions of our existence within the universe must to be considerably multiform, than it's postulated now in some orthodox academic institutes.
In a sense, Dyatlov's attempts to eliminate restrictions of self-sufficiency of orthodox scientific world view seems very courageous and fruitful.
Introductory comment by Ju.N. Cherednichenko (Institute of General Pathology and Human Ecology SB RAMS)
V. L. Dyatlov
Polarization Model of the Inhomogeneous Physical Vacuum
Institute of Mathematics Publishing House
UDC 538.3 + 551.515
Dyatlov, V. L.
Polarization Model of the Inhomogeneous Physical Vacuum. Novosibirsk: Institute of Mathematics Publishing House [Izdatel’stvo Instituta matematiki], 1998. 184 pp. (Series “Problemy neodnorodnogo fizicheskogo vakuuma” [“Problems of the Inhomogeneous Physical Vacuum”]).
The book sets forth and substantiates a polarization model for the inhomogeneous physical vacuum. According to the model which is developed, the physical vacuum is a heterogeneous polarization medium which is present everywhere and consists of a homogeneous - absolute - physical vacuum and two modified - matter and antimatter - physical vacuums. The local formations of a modified vacuum, which the author calls vacuum domains, float within the unbounded absolute physical vacuum medium.
The properties of the absolute physical vacuum are described by nonconjugate systems of Maxwell electrodynamics and Heaviside gravidynamic equations. The Heaviside equations are reduced to the standard form of Maxwell equations; i.e., by the introduction of two inductions, gravity and spin.
The properties of the matter and antimatter physical vacuums are also described by conjugate Maxwell and Heaviside vacuum equations. These equations are linked due to the linear dependence of electrical and magnetic inductions not only on like electric and magnetic fields but also by gravity and spin fields, as well as the dependence of gravity and spin inductions not only on like fields but also on their interactions with electrical and magnetic fields.
Matter is represented in the model by equations from the electronic theory of matter and the theory of continuum mechanics. In the analysis of the model developed, the physical properties of vacuum domains are compared to anomalous phenomena, such as ball lighting, UFOs, tornadoes, poltergeists, etc. The satisfactory coincidence of the physical properties of vacuum domains and the manifestations of the phenomena in question make it possible to confirm the viability of the model.
Science Editor: Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences G. A. Kirpichnikov.
Published in the author’s wording.
ISBN 5-86134-057-9a V. L. Dyatlov, 1998
Table of Contents
1. The Problem of the Non-Homogeneous Physical Vacuum 9
1.1. Anomalous phenomena and the non-homogeneous physical vacuum 9
1.2. Basic physical properties of vacuum domains and a comparison of the domains to the physical properties of anomalous phenomena 11
1.3. Physical vacuum - not a void 18
1.4. Physical vacuum - polarization medium 20
1.5. Non-homogeneous physical vacuum and vacuum domains 22
2. Polarization model of the non-homogenous physical vacuum 26
2.1. Models of the physical vacuum 26
2.1.1. Need for a non-homogeneous physical vacuum model 26
2.1.2. Classical models of the ether 28
2.1.3. Field conception of the physical vacuum 29
2.1.4. Akimov model of polarization states of the physical vacuum 30
2.1.5. Terletskiy particle-antiparticle quadrigues 30
2.1.6. Akimov’s fiton and Terletskiy’s particle-antiparticle quadrigue 31
2.1.7. Polarization-field conception of the physical vacuum 32
2.2. Model of non-homogeneous physical vacuum from Terletskiy quadrigues and dyads 32
2.2.1. Basic properties of the physical vacuum of Terletskiy quadrigues 32
2.2.2 Three physical vacuums. Non-homogeneous physical vacuum of Terletskiy quadrigues and dyads 33
2.2.3. Basic properties of physical vacuums of matter and antimatter 34
2.2.4. Circulation of matter in the Universe 35
2.3. Equations of a macroscopic model of combined electrogravidynamics 36
2.3.1. Equations of Maxwell and Heaviside in the polarization-field conception of the physical vacuum 36
2.3.2. Equations of Maxwell and Heaviside as a combination of laws of matter and the physical vacuum 40
2.3.3. Polarizations of the physical vacuum as a function of fields 45
2.3.4. Problems of combined electrogravidynamics 47
2.4. Equations of a macroscopic model of combined electrogravidynamics for practical calculations 47
2.4.1. General equations of combined electrogravidynamics 47
2.4.2. Estimates of the values of matter permeability and conductivity factors 49
2.5 Equations of mechanics in macroscopic model of non-homogeneous physical vacuum 54
2.5.1. Equations of the motion of a body in the absolute physical vacuum 54
2.5.2. Equations of motion of vacuum domains in the absolute physical vacuum 57
2.5.3. Equations of hydromechanics in the model of a non-homogeneous physical vacuum 58
2.5.4. Concerning equations of mechanics for a region of space inside a vacuum domain 59
3. Investigation of the physical properties of vacuum domains based on the non-homogeneous physical vacuum model 60
3.1. Basic trends in research on physical properties of vacuum domains 60
3.1.1. Comparison of physical properties of vacuum domains and self-luminous formations (bodies) 60
3.1.2. Circulation of energy and development of gravispin waves in the Universe 62
3.1.3. Problem of weak explosions of vacuum domains 65
3.1.4. Vacuum domains in the fields of the Earth 67
3.1.5 The relationship of vacuum domains to certain disasters 68
3.1.6 The role of vacuum domains in the change in the dimensions and mass of the Earth 69
3.1.7 Strong explosions of vacuum domains 70
3.2 Statics. Vacuum domain in external slowly changing electrical, gravitational, magnetic and spin fields 73
3.2.1 Equations of electrogravistatics and magnetospin statics 73
3.2.2 A spherical vacuum domain in external homogeneous electrical and gravitational fields 74
3.2.3. A spherical vacuum domain in external magnetic and spin fields 77
Fields at the surface of the Earth 81
3.2.6. The electrogravitational depolarization of a vacuum domain 84
3.2.7. The relationship of spin polarization to the tensor of spin mechanical stresses 88
3.3. Quasistatics. Field interaction of vacuum domains with substance 93
3.3.1. Problems of quasistatics in the model of the non-homogeneous physical vacuum 93
3.3.2. A vacuum domain in an electrically conductive medium. Contact explosions of large vacuum domains 94
3.3.3. The Earth’s electrical field 98
3.4. Waves. Transformations of the energy of gravispin waves into other types of energy 100
3.4.1. Problems of the electrogravimechanical transformation of energy 100
3.4.2. The transformation of the energy of gravispin waves into mechanical energy in the absolute physical vacuum 101
3.4.3. The transformation of heat into energy of gravispin waves in the absolute physical vacuum 103
3.4.4. The reversible transformation of the energy of electromagnetic waves into energy of gravispin waves inside the body of a vacuum domain 105
At the end of 1988, Academy of Sciences Member Mikhail Mikhailovich Lavrentyev suggested that I work on the problem of anomalous phenomena, the experiments of A. N. Kozyrev in particular. At that time, my scientific interests were, to all practical appearances, very remote from such phenomena. Before M. M. Lavrentyev’s suggestion, for a long time I had been creating physical and mathematical models of new computer hardware, microelectronics and micromechanics components based on the use of magnetic and dielectric materials (ferrites, Permalloys, dielectrics, ferrielectrics). It is convenient to identify such substances by a single term: polarization media.
The study of the literature in the field of anomalous phenomena was stunning in terms of the abundance, variety and frequently low scientific quality of available publications. I developed the firm conviction, however, that such physical phenomena simply did not fit within the framework of modern physics. Later on, I came to the realization that many of the paranormal phenomena which are outwardly different nevertheless have the same scientific and physical basis.
In delving deeper into the study of anomalous phenomena literature, I was trying to accomplish two things. This was first to find satisfactory and sufficient ideas in the field of physical and mathematical models and second, to find a group phenomena with a sufficiently comprehensive and systematic description of their physical properties. Not only could a model of certain anomalous phenomena be created in this way but an experimental basis would be compiled that would substantiate and allow the further development of such a model.
The ideas of A. Ye. Akimov and G. I. Shipov, who introduced a fundamentally new concept into physical vacuum theory, proved extremely similar with respect to anomalous phenomena. A phrase from Akimov - “physical vacuum polarization states” - made a particularly effective impression upon me and seemed familiar from a long time ago. And then memories from the years of post-graduate study in the late fifties at the department of theoretical bases of electrical engineering (TBE department) of the Moscow Power Engineering Institute started to come back to me.
During those years, the TBE department was headed by Konstantin Mikhaylovich Polivanov, a successor to Karl Adolfovich Krug, the founder of the Soviet school of theoretical electrical engineering. Professor K. M. Polivanov made a great contribution to the electromagnetic theory of polarization media. He became my Teacher and Mentor in the true sense of the word. I was recommended to the TBE at MPI by Professor Valentin Yevgenyevich Bogolyubov, who knew and deeply respected “Father Pavel” - Pavel Aleksandrovich Florenskiy, the great electrical engineer and theorist and a great philosopher. I might mention that later, in his old age, V. Ye. Bogolyubov became a monk at the Zagorsk Monastery.
In the department, where the theory of polarization media was known and understood in depth, many of the professors and instructors understood the physical vacuum in just this way: as a polarization medium. However, they talked about this matter only within their own narrow circle. The ether and everything associated with it fell under an extremely strict official ban at that time.
I once asked Polivanov the question: “Why do we take the member m0H into consideration in the induction expression B = m0H + m0M inside a ferromagnetic substance? This, after all, is a direct acknowledgement of the ether as a ubiquitous polarization medium.” K. M. (as Professor Polivanov was known in the department) gave me a strange look and answered: “Think about it yourself.” I understood that K. M. approved of my question.
Florenskiy went considerably further. In his books Mnimosti v geometrii. Raswhireniye oblasti dvukhmernykh obrazov v geometrii [Virtual Images in Geometry. Expanding the Field of Two-Dimensional Images in Geometry], 1922 , and Dielektriki i ikh tekhnicheskoye primeneniye [Dielectrics and Their Technical Uses], 1924, he wrote about the large role of boundary surfaces in space-time, i.e., in the physical vacuum. We shall note that the polarization media on the whole are neutral, but when they are represented in the form of enclosed bodies, they provide an example of the major role not only of the volumes but of the surfaces of bodies in physics. So-called bound charges can appear on the surfaces of bodies of polarized matter, sometimes causing strong fields. Something else entirely different should be noted in connection with Florenskiy’s books mentioned above - it was just these books that brought Pavel Aleksandrovich to an untimely end in 1937.
After reading Akimov’s article , I borrowed the idea from him of an electro-gravity connection in a physical vacuum and, after expressing it in the language of mathematics, soon had written an article about it which was published in 1995 [2. 4]. I shall note here that articles with similar titles and results were rejected twice by the journal Doklady Akademii Nauk, despite recommendations from Academy member M. M. Lavrentyev. The system of equations of electrogravidynamics in this model has only two parameters characterizing the electro-gravity relationships in the physical vacuum medium, which makes it possible to represent it as a heterogeneous, varied polarized medium.
The most important result of my article was the description of the mechanism - strange at first glance - of cold self-luminescence of some empty volume of space, which is characteristic of many anomalous phenomena. Such self-luminescence is explained in this article by the transformation of the energy of gravity waves in the physical vacuum into the energy of electromagnetic waves.
Doctor of geological and mineralogical sciences Aleskey Nikolayevich Dmitriyev has described the physical properties and special features of a large group of anomalous phenomena quite comprehensively and systematically . For many years he conducted field instrument measurements and studies in the Altai mountains on objects he called natural glowing formations. The characteristic feature of such formations is that they are observed in the form of transparent glowing bodies of various sizes and shapes but, as a rule, have an ellipsoid form. Dmitriyev devoted attention to the fact that the very same kind of translucent glowing bodies are present in ball lightning, tornadoes, poltergeists and even UFOs. A common property of this kind made it possible to hypothesize that all these phenomena are varieties of the same physical phenomenon, which has a great variety of manifestations.
After becoming acquainted with the results of Dmitriyev’s studies and thanks to numerous personal conversations with him, I began to understand that one can construct physical and mathematical models of natural glowing formations based on the macroscopic equations of electrogravidynamics . It rarely happens, by the way, that the results of independent theoretical and phenomenological research coincide so closely. In this situation, it was sufficiently clear to define the parameters of the electro-gravity relationship in the equations of combined electrogravidynamics, after isolating some enclosed region in an unbounded space. Here, the equations of electrogravidynamics in the outer region of the space break down into independent equations of electrodynamics and gravidynamics, in order to create the model. This meant that the parameters of the electrogravity relationship had to be set equal to zero for the outer region and not equal to zero for the inner region of the space.
In this problem in question, the isolation of a closed region was equivalent to the formation of some local body located in an unbounded space. Parameters of the electrogravity relationship equal and not equal to zero actually characterized two different vacuum polarization media. A body with parameters not equal to zero, hence, was called a vacuum domain. Such vacuum domains were identical to the translucent glowing bodies of the anomalous phenomena indicated above.
Physical and mathematical models of natural glowing formations have combined and are referred to as a polarization model of a non-homogeneous physical vacuum. It was assumed that the model is also applicable to situations of weak self-luminescence of vacuum domains. In this connection, once again, one must recall Florenskiy’s surface in a physical vacuum. In introducing the concept of the vacuum domain, we also automatically introduce the concept of the domain surface, i.e., a surface in a physical vacuum which separates two different polarized media. The basic physical properties of vacuum domains, which coincide with the physical properties of the bodies of natural glowing formations, have proved to be related to just these vacuum domain surfaces, which can be called Florenskiy surfaces.
The physical analysis of the polarization model of a non-homogenous physical vacuum required intensive work, the results of which are presented in part in this book. The author did not have sufficient versatility and scientific competence in all of these cases for the complete analysis and development of the model; this problem is the result of the possible extensions of the model itself. These possibilities later attracted the attention of great specialists from various fields of scientific and technical knowledge.
Professor V. I. Merkulov, doctor of physical and mathematical sciences, has demonstrated  the possibility of explaining various previously incomprehensible phenomena based upon equations of continuum mechanics and the equations used in this model: UFOs of the complex type and beaded ball lightning, many of the properties of tornadoes and tropical hurricanes, electromagnetic waves accompanying acoustic waves in the Earth, etc. He also explained how it is necessary to understand the Einstein-de Haas effect in the theory of continuum mechanics which was developed by Academy member L. I. Sedov.
Professor Yu. G. Kosarev, doctor of technical sciences, provided major methodological assistance and in particular, demonstrated the philosophical significance of the model, on the example of Florenskiy’s ideas.
Professor V. R. Kireytov, doctor of physical and mathematical sciences, established the relativistic nature of the equations of the model and confirmed the reversible transformation of gravity waves into electromagnetic waves in vacuum domains.
And now for my greatest pleasure. In the understanding that this book would have been impossible without the support of Academy member M. M. Lavrentyev, I wish to express the very greatest appreciation to him.
I am a confirmed advocate of physical and mathematical models based on experimental studies of specific physical objects. Doctor of geological and mineralogical sciences A. N. Dmitriyev pointed out such an object to me in the non-homogeneous physical vacuum model, hence I wish to express my deep gratitude to him for this and for his exceptionally interesting collaboration. I am sincerely grateful to Professor V. I. Merkulov, Professor Yu. G. Kosarev, Professor V. R. Kireytov, Professor O. D. Dzhefimenko (Jefimenko, USA), Candidate of physical and mathematical sciences E. G. Kostsov, Candidate of physical and mathematical sciences G. A. Kirpichnikov, and many other physicists, geophysicists and mathematicians of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, Moscow and St. Petersburg, as well as to scientists from Italy, Germany and the United States, for their helpful discussions of many of the issues of this study. I would like to express my deep gratitude separately to my assistant Svetlana Alekseyevna Burkovskaya for the difficult and tedious work involved in dealing with the manuscript and its numerous revisions.
Novosibirsk, Russian Academy of Sciences, Siberian Division
November 1998, Doctor of technical sciences V. L. Dyatlov
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